A mistake that is common combining sentences utilising the – ing

A mistake that is common combining sentences utilising the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A mistake that is common combining sentences utilizing the – ing verb form is always to misplace the modifier such that it just isn’t logically linked to the rest of the phrase. This produces a modifier that is dangling . Glance at the example that is following

Running throughout the parking great deal, my breath expanded ragged and superficial.

In this phrase, running over the parking area generally seems to alter my breathing. Since breathing cannot jog, the phrase should really be rewritten so your subject is positioned soon after the modifier or included with the dangling expression.

Running throughout the parking area, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined utilizing an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this technique, one of several sentences must include a form of become as an assisting verb besides the – ed verb type. Take a good look at the example that is following

Initial sentences: The Jones family members had been delayed by a traffic jam. They arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by a traffic jam, the Jones family members arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

Within the initial variation, had been will act as a helping verb —it does not have any meaning on it’s own, however it acts a grammatical function by putting the key verb ( delayed) within the perfect tense.

For connecting two sentences utilizing an first site – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( ended up being) while the topic ( the Jones family) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This kinds a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) which can be put into the end or beginning for the other phrase in accordance with which fits best. Just like the – ing modifier, be mindful to place the term that the phrase modifies just after the expression to avoid a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers will help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Have a look at exactly just how Naomi might utilize modifiers in her own paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a match up between your government’s decision to bail the banks out together with results of that decision—the purchase for the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another strategy that article writers utilize to mix sentences is always to join them employing a general clause. a general clause is a band of terms which contains an interest and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or what type? Relative clauses start out with a pronoun that is relative such as for instance whom, which, where, why, or whenever. See the examples that are following

Initial sentences: The managing manager is visiting the company week that is next. He lives in Seattle.

Revised sentence: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is visiting the business week that is next.

To get in touch two sentences making use of a family member clause, replacement the topic of one of several sentences ( he) for a family member pronoun ( whom). This provides that you clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) which can be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling manager). Be sure to keep consitently the phrase you wish to stress while the clause that is main. For instance, reversing the clause that is main subordinate clause within the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager everyday lives, maybe not the truth that he could be visiting the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is going to the business week that is next life in Seattle.

Relative clauses are a good means of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Have a look at exactly exactly just how Naomi might integrate general clauses into her essay.

Notice the way the underlined general clauses can be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is of this phrase.

To check on the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or otherwise not the clause may be removed from the sentence without changing its meaning. In the event that general clause is perhaps perhaps not necessary to this is of this phrase, it ought to be positioned in commas. In the event that general clause is necessary to this is associated with the phrase, it will not need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really an expressed word or selection of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is just a way that is useful of sentences which can be too quick and choppy. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930.

Into the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences having an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and change it as a expression. Keep in mind that when you look at the example that is previous the appositive is put right after the noun it defines. An appositive may be put anywhere in a phrase, nonetheless it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been likely to win the competition.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been likely to win the competition.

Unlike general clauses, appositives will always punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Have a look at just how Naomi utilizes appositives to add facts that are additional her essay.


By yourself sheet of paper, rewrite the sentence that is following as one phrase utilizing the methods you have got discovered in this area.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be created in just one of three straight ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean may be the world’s largest ocean. It runs through the Arctic into the north to your Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals into the 2008 Olympics. He could be a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that the pair of them could have great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then offered to chocolate-processing companies at the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share with a classmate and compare your answers.

Writing at the job

As well as varying phrase structure, give consideration to varying the sorts of sentences you will be utilizing in a written report or other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, but a very very carefully placed concern, exclamation, or demand can pique peers’ interest, regardless if the subject matter is fairly dry. That is amazing a budget is being written by you analysis. Starting your report by having a rhetorical question, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product product product sales?” encourages visitors to read on to find out of the responses. Although they must be utilized sparingly in educational and writing that is professional questions or commands work well rhetorical products.