Investigation RBC: why Russian little bridges&The construction for the Kerch connection

Investigation RBC: why Russian little bridges&The construction for the Kerch connection

March 19, the Turkish cargo ship “Lyra” knocked away a column for the connection under construction between mainland Russia therefore the Crimean Peninsula. The time before construction had been examined by President Vladimir Putin. “Arkady, come here, don’t hide. If any such thing, asking will likely to be with you” — with these terms your head of state called to frame an organization picture from the history regarding the Straits of their old friend businessman Arkady Rotenberg. Their business “stroygazmontazh” (SGM), before any reference to the construction of bridges didn’t have, without competition has gotten an agreement to construct essential for the national country crossing.

That is to be blamed for the accident, the research will show. But an eyewitness into the collision, the captain for the Kerch ferry “Victory” Oleg Semenyuk states that the connection supports within the period of the accident are not highlighted. The agent of SGM stated RBC that on aids in accordance with the rules of illumination really should not be, however the working bridge structure that is(temporary, including for the distribution to build materials into the construction web web site) during the time of the accident ended up being marked with alert lights and fences-buoys.

Whom and exactly how dependable builds bridges in Russia and tend to be there an adequate amount of these crossings for the biggest nation on the planet — the research of RBC.

Exactly how many Russian bridges and exactly exactly exactly what condition are they in?

“We need certainly to offer into the complete sense of transportation connectivity, the unity of this whole Russian territory,” Putin stated into the message towards the Federal Assembly in December 2012. The President made an error in terminology: the street builders have actually the style of “connectedness”, therefore the country that is largest on earth with all the “connectedness” there was an issue.

Within the report for the Institute for transportation Economics and transportation policy studies compares the dwelling for the road system in various nations: Canada, Asia, Germany, USA — a neat grid, transport connections founded between all the States, provinces, lands, Russia — radial structure, all roadways have a tendency to Moscow, where he hit a traffic jam in the band road, to resolve the situation just started initially to reconstruct the Central ring road (Central band road in Moscow). The current scheme regarding the road very nearly coincides aided by the animal energy system of roadways associated with the Russian Empire, jokes the Director associated with Institute Mikhail Blinkin.

More difficulty as compared to road, is really A russian bridges.

In accordance with Rosstat during the final end of 2014 (the newest available), in Russia there have been 42 thousand of bridges and overpasses — just 200 devices significantly more than in 2000. The length of the structures for the reason that time is continuing to grow from 1.5 million linear foot to 2.1 million simply the duration of roadways into the period that is same by 70% (mostly, nevertheless, due to the addition into the data of regional roadways, which formerly didn’t make it). Just by 2009, the previous Minister of transport Igor Levitin has guaranteed the President in order to complete all of the bridges, were only available in Soviet times.

Russia lags behind when you look at the amount of railway bridges. Regarding the Railways RZD — 30,5 thousand of bridges and overpasses with a total amount of 993 thousand linear meters — almost the same in volume and halved in total than in the roadways in Russia. In america from the railroads — 100 thousand bridges.

42 thousand bridges, or 72.5 thousand train — a complete lot or just a little for the nation, in the territory of which moves 2.8 million streams? Through US flows 250 thousand rivers, and bridges in it — 600 thousand as well as train.

Formal data of not enough bridges will not occur in Russia, but indirectly this is judged by two indicators. First, the true wide range of permanent crossings — summer and winter. 257 3.5 thousand summer time and cold temperatures crossings is an extremely high indicator also for such a big nation (information for the termination of 2014; for contrast, in america, according to your 2010 census, 485 ferry terminals).

Next, in regards to the not enough bridges could be judged in terms of transport detour — the huge difference in the exact distance between points the and B on a lawn and through the air. For instance, in Moscow the re-run is 70-80% against 20-25% in Western Metropolitan areas, said the Deputy head for the expert center Andrey mukhortikov. In Russia, adds Blinkin, no city having an index much better than 50%. As an example, to have through the local center of this Arkhangelsk region towards the primary destinations for the region — Solovetsky Islands (or in other words, the nearest settlement from the land — the town of Solovki) — it is crucial to operate a vehicle the car for about 1.2 thousand km detour through the Republic of Karelia, given that crow flies there is certainly 240 km (information for general general public service “Yandex”).

The head of the Department of industry and trade of Bashkiria Iskander Makhmudov recalls the following story: bought by the state in 2014 Japanese tomograph went to the clinic six months, during which not only changed the exchange rate, but also dried up coolant in the unit about the Russian re-run.

Every bridge that is ninth Russia — wood. Within the last 15 years, their length that is total was by roughly 30%. A lot of them in Khabarovsk Krai — 706, or higher 60% for the total. Into the Arkhangelsk area 66% of all of the bridges are wood, in Zabaykalsky Krai — 624 bridge that is wooden nearly half, within the Irkutsk area — 569, a lot more than 40%.

But, wooden bridges aren’t so incredibly bad: in a few areas its low priced and most likely the replacement that is only of tangible bridges, which, most probably, there won’t ever be built. Where’s the absolute most bridges that are major Russia?

The share of Federal roads (entail bridges), appropriate regulatory needs, in 2015 was just a tad bit more than 60%, in accordance with the latest information regarding the Federal road Agency. The quality of roads 123 takes place from 140 and is located between Sierra Leone and Benin as stated in the conclusions of the international ranking Global Competitiveness Report of the world economic forum, Russia.

You will find data as well as specific bridges. State just 20% of bridges in Russia during the early 2000s, the Ministry of transportation with its “concept of enhancing the condition of bridge structures” was evaluated as “good”. Another 18% of bridges for the reason that time was at bad condition, the risk ended up being 1% regarding the facilities — a bit more than 400. Now the Federal state data solution reports on significantly more than 500 bridges in Russia, travel upon which can be insecure, just since 2013, their quantity increased by very nearly one hundred (even though the same concept that you had written to your transportation Ministry, by 2005, the “deficient” bridges in Russia must not stay after all).

The MOE since 1995, it’s recorded 26 situations of collapsing road bridges (mostly as a result of collisions of vehicles with bridge structures).

Just in 2016 and just in Primorye collapsed four bridges. One of those, that will be neighborhood to collapse scrawled “Obama — sucker”, has linked Vladivostok and Nakhodka.

That is in charge of Russian bridges?

Kind of ownership of category of bridges as a whole coincide with roadways — you will find bridges of Federal importance, local and municipal. Federal road Agency of transportation Ministry (Rosavtodor) manages roughly 5 thousand of bridges, local or municipal authorities — 34 thousand bridges and personal owners into the Moscow area Shchelkovo town connection through Klyazma river in 2001 ended up being sold towards the owner associated with market that is regional 700 thousand rubles., and today is in disrepair rather than operating. It is possible to privatize former departmental bridge and make driving through it pay-as Irkutsk. Finally, you will find orphan bridges — when audited when you look at the Crimea, discovered 10% of bridges which are not sitting on someone’s stability sheet, dilapidated and abandoned. In other parts of the nation examples that are such additionally lacking.

Maintenance and construction of bridges (and roadways), predominantly within the budgets of various amounts. From the stability sheet for the Federal road Agency — 50 thousand km of roads — 4% of the total size, their content in 2015, had been allocated 220 billion rubles, the spending plan associated with the Agency amounted to 530 billion as opposed to the formerly prepared RUB 574 billion rubles In 2016, the Agency’s spending plan paid off by 43 billion total on the 2 yrs the Agency has lost 87 billion roubles To parts of the 1.4 million kilometer of roads, the sum total measurements of local road funds in 2015 (latest available data) — 445 billion. this cash is simply 13% “regulatory needs for the upkeep and fix regarding the local road network”, in line with the quotes of Association rador.